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Amina was diagnosed with HIV in 2021, the same day she found out she was pregnant. She is undecided about whether to breastfeed or formula feed her baby.

  • Background

    Amina is British Asian and works in further education. She is married and pregnant with her first baby.

  • Age at interview 23
  • Rachel

    Rachel had planned to breastfeed her baby, but because of various clinical reasons she was not able to and feels disappointed about this.

  • Background

    Rachel is of Black African descent works as a care worker. She has a 5-month-old baby.

  • Age at interview 30
  • Layla

    Formula was recommended when Layla's first child was born prematurely based on there being limited data on HIV transmission risks in premature babies. Layla feels that having formula fed her older child made her decision to formula feed her new baby a bit easie.

  • Background

    Layla is Black British African and is married with two children, a 3-year-old and an 11 month old baby.

  • Age at interview 35
  • Maya

    Based on hearing that there was a small risk of transmitting HIV through breastfeeding, Maya chose to formula feed. She felt supported by her consultant, who talked about how women have many reasons for not choosing breastfeeding, not just HIV.

  • Background

    Maya is Black Caribbean, and she and her partner have an 11-month-old baby.

  • Tina

    Tina was diagnosed more than ten years ago and has seen how the infant feeding guidelines have changed to support others who wish to breastfeed. She had intended to breastfeed but on having twin babies who were born premature, she decided to formula feed.

  • Background

    Tina is White British and is married with twin babies aged seven and a half months old.

  • Age at interview 36
  • Swelihle

    Swelihle lives in a shared house with three other women and four other children. Her partner comes to help her sometimes. She was diagnosed with HIV in 2018 while pregnant with her older child and started treatment late into her pregnancy.

  • Background

    Swelihle is Black African and has a partner and two children, a two-year-old child and a five-month-old baby.

  • Age at interview 26
  • Nozipho

    Nozipho found out she had HIV in 2013 after going for tests for a suspected yeast infection. On the basis of her medical history, doctors suggested that Nozipho probably had HIV from birth. She formula fed her baby even though this had not been her plan.

  • Background

    Nozipho is Black African and came to the UK from Southern Africa when she was 17 years old. She is engaged and has an 11-month-old baby.

  • Age at interview 30
  • Fatima

    Fatima discovered that she had HIV in 2016 when pregnant with her first child. Her husband also has HIV and their family do not know about their diagnosis.

  • Background

    Fatima describes her ethnicity as Asian. She is married and has two children, a 3-year-old child and a 3-week-old baby.

  • Age at interview 30
  • Sandra

    Sandra was diagnosed in 2010. She had looked into feeding options before getting pregnant and knew that it was possible to breastfeed, however she did not want to put her baby at any HIV risk, so chose to formula feed. Sandra felt supported by her doctors to make her own decision.

  • Background

    Sandra is White Eastern European and is married with a two month old baby.

  • Age at interview 32
  • Marcy

    Marcy was diagnosed with HIV in 2014 during a routine health check. All her three children have been bottle fed. Marcy had wanted to breastfeed to bond, but was scared by the risk of HIV transmission.

  • Background

    Marcy is Black African and works as a support worker. She is single and has three children, aged 5 and 4 years old and one month old baby.

  • Age at interview 24