Mental health: ethnic minority carers’ experiences

Advice to other carers

Many carers find that talking with other carers about their experiences really helps. Here we summarise what the carers we spoke to wanted to tell other carers. 

'Look after yourself'
Remember that what carers do is valuable and a 'really important part of society, and you make real differences in people's lives'. To be able to care for others properly, however, carers must look after their own well-being. 

Caring for a family member with mental health problems can be hard emotionally. People said 'it's going to be a roller coaster' and so it is OK to 'acknowledge your feelings'. People said it is good to talk to someone else about your frustrations, hurt, anger and other feelings.

People said carers must find time and space for themselves and do things that make them feel good, because 'you can't keep giving without getting something yourself'. Meeting with friends, joining a gym, or keeping active in other ways were some suggestions (see 'Getting the balance right'). People also stressed the need for regular breaks and respite that suit each carer's circumstances.

'Think about what you can and can't do'
Some carers said it is important to accept what you can and can't do. Carers who do too much wear themselves out and their own mental health suffers (see 'Getting the balance right' and 'Stress and carers' health').

So people said they had to accept that 'you can't do more than your best,' which 'may never be perfect,' but believe that 'if you don't do it… the sky isn't going to fall on your head'.

People also said carers should let go of some responsibilities so the person they care for becomes as independent as possible. This is good for the person who is unwell, and gives carers more time and space to themselves. It can also help the person prepare for when the carer is no longer around. 'Pulling back' may mean 'learning to say no,' and this can be hard, particularly at first.

'Stay strong, don't give up'
People said that caring is hard at times, but 'don't give up, stick with it', 'fight for the person you care for, she or he is precious'.

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To care, people said, you need strength and persistence. They also said that 'what doesn't kill you can make you stronger' 'Learn from your experiences; don't let it crush you, but let it help you go forward'. Some said religion or spirituality could be a source of strength. For others, strength came from family and friends and their love for the person they cared for. Most agreed that support from other carers was especially empowering.

'Ask for help'
People said that everyone who cares for a mentally ill person needs help and support. Carers advised others to get help from family and friends as soon as possible. Many found local community and voluntary services especially supportive and better able than statutory services to give culturally appropriate help. These were also places where people met other carers they could learn from.

Remember that supporting carers is part of health professionals' and social workers' jobs (as well as that of other service workers) so people should 'not be afraid to ask,' and should involve services as early as possible.

People advised new carers to be assertive: 'find out what you are entitled to. Then fight for it'. 'Don't be ashamed to ask for what you are entitled to. Don't let anyone condemn you because you are getting support'. Even if involving others could be 'a challenge because it is against the culture', carers could contact as many services as possible to get help. While it can be frustrating to deal with health and social services, people said building good and trusting relationships can make things easier (see 'Carers' experiences with mental health services').

'Empower yourself, ask if you are not sure and become an informed carer'
It is important for carers to inform themselves: 'Take all the information you can, go through it. Find things out for yourself and try to go beyond the surface. One source of information may lead to the next'.

Some said 'don't think professionals are always right, they are human too', and 'don't follow the advice of others uncritically'. With the right information it can be easier to know what questions to ask, and to be more assertive and confident. Several carers said that 'if you don't ask, people don't tell you.'

Some said that looking back, they wished they had acted sooner than they did when they first noticed signs that something was wrong with the person they cared for. Instead, 'if you feel something is not right, speak about it,' and don't waste time 'thinking it will improve by itself'. Carers also advised others to learn about mental health problems and how to deal with it from professionals, other carers, books or the internet. 

When caring for someone with a mental health problem, people said you need to try to 'understand how their minds work,' to treat them as individuals, with patience, empathy and love.

Some thought we all need to recognise that mental health problems can 'happen to anyone,' and so there is never any reason to feel ashamed. People should recognise that people affected 'can get better, can get on with their lives,' So it is 'important not to hide it and to ask for help'. 

'Speak out, make others listen'
One woman said 'I can talk to you, and you can feel a little sad for me, but you still don't know what it's like'. Many stressed that because others find it hard to understand, it is really important to speak out. Overwhelmingly, carers said 'tell professionals -and others- about your experiences.' That way, they can give the most useful help. Remember, even if 'you've not gone to college, you're living the experience, so you know more than they know'.

To help carers feel more confident when meeting health professionals or others, some suggested 'take a friend or someone you trust with you for support'. Some prepared for meetings by making notes. People also said carers should not be afraid to ask lots of questions: 'There is nothing wrong with asking until you're satisfied.'

Sometimes it is difficult to get people to listen, and people said you need to 'raise your voice,' 'speak out, learn to stamp your foot,' or complain if things are not done properly. 

People also advised others to keep in mind that carers are entitled to be informed about the care of their relative. It is possible to ask for meetings to discuss medication or other treatment, or even to change GP if communication is really bad. 

Taking part in carer's forums or other organisations was suggested as a way of joining forces with others to campaign for carers: 'if we all speak loud enough, maybe we'll be heard'.

There is also advice for carers on other trustworthy websites, and links to some of these websites are in the 'Resources' section.

Last reviewed June 2015.

Last updated February 2013.

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