Palliative care should be available early in the course of the illness and should be used alongside other therapies that are intended to prolong life, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Palliative care is not the practice of euthanasia.
A definition of palliative care produced by the World Health Organisation in 2002 states that palliative care should:
- provide relief from pain and other distressing symptoms
- affirm life and regards dying as a normal process
- intend neither to hasten or postpone death
- integrate the psychological and spiritual aspects of patient care
- offer a support system to help the family cope during the patient's illness and in their own bereavement
- use a team approach to address the needs of patients and their families, including bereavement counselling, if indicated
- enhance quality of life, and may also positively influence the course of illness.
See also our learning and teaching resources on palliative care.
Last reviewed August 2014.